" 'We have known these principles [for improved study] for some time, and it's intriguing that schools don't pick them up, or that people don't learn them by trial and error,' said Robert A. Bjork, a psychologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. 'Instead, we walk around with all sorts of unexamined beliefs about what works that are mistaken.' (...)
Nehmen Sie die Vorstellung, dass Kinder bestimmte haben Lernstile, that some are 'visual learners' and others are auditory; some are "linken Gehirnhälfte" students, others "rechten Gehirnhälfte." In a recent review of the relevant research, published in the journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a team of psychologists found fast Null Unterstützung für solche Ideen.
Kognitive Wissenschaftler bestreiten nicht, dass ehrliche-to-Güte pauken kann auf eine bessere Note in einem bestimmten Prüfung führen. Abstand - improves later recall without requiring students to put in more overall study effort or pay more attention, dozens of studies have found."